Mythology Monday: The Hours

The Hours, The Horae, Greek Mythology, Mythology Monday

The Horae (the correct moment) were goddesses of the seasons, time, and the ordering of heaven. They were also guardians of the gates of Olympus and servants of Hera. Farmers really appreciated/worshipped the Horae. They may have been daughters of Zeus and Themis, or daughters of Selene and Helios, or just daughters of Helios.

The Horae were divided into several groups, and there is a ton of overlap.

The Horse of the Seasons:

  • Eiar- A goddess of Spring
  • Theros- A goddess of Summer
  • Phthinoporon-  A goddess of Autumn
  • Cheimon- A goddess of Winter

Horae of Good order, Justice, and Peace.

  • DIKE (Justitia/Libra)- The goddess of justice, who reported the misdemeanors of man to her father Zeus. She is sometimes combined with a goddess of innocence and purity, Astraea
  • EIRENE (Pax)- A goddess of peace and spring.
  • EUNOMIA- A goddess of lawful conduct, good order, and green pastures. She was also an attendant of Aphrodite, where she represented lawful and obedient behavior of women in marriage. She’s often associated with Eurynome, the mother of the Graces. She is by most accounts the daughter of Themis and Zeus. Her opposite number was Dysnomia (Lawlessness)

Horae of the Order in Nature

  • Thallo/Thalotte- (Flora) A goddess of Spring
  • Auxo- (Sometimes referred to as Auxesia) A goddess of Summer who was also associated with the charities. Her name meant increaser, and she was the protector of vegetation, growth, and fertility. She’s often left out of the Nature Hours
  • Carpo/Xarpo/Carpho- (Damia)- A goddess of Autumn and often known as “the one who brings food.” She was in charge of ripening and harvesting. She also guarded the way to Olympus and pulled back the clouds to let the gods come in and out.

Horae of Plenty

  • Pherusa- Goddess of substance and farm estates
  • Euporie/Euporia– Goddess of Abundance
  • Orthosie/Orthosia– Goddess of Prosperity

The Hours: 

The hours were a separate setof Horae that represented the nine, ten, or twelve hours of the day (depending on the season and myth origin). Their hours run from just before sunrise to just after sunset, thus winter hours are short, summer hours are long. There’s a lot of overlap between groups of Hours.

The Nine Hours

  • Auco/Auxo – Growth
  • Eunomia- Order
  • Pherusa – Substance
  • Carpo- Fruit
  • Diké – Justice
  • EuporieEuporia – Abundance
  • EireneIrene – Peace
  • Orthosie / Orthosia- Prosperity
  • Thallo – Flora

*Thank you Wikipedia

The Ten/Twelve Hours 

  • Auge- first light (initially not part of the set),
  • AnatolêAnatolia- sunrise
  • Mousikê / Musica- the morning hour of music and study,
  • GymnastikêGymnastica /Gymnasia- the morning hour of education, training, gymnastics/exercise,
  • Nymphê/ Nympha-  the morning hour of ablutions (bathing, washing),
  • Mesembria- noon,
  • Sponde- libations poured after lunch,
  • Elete- prayer, the first of the afternoon work hours,
  • AktêActe /Cypris-  eating and pleasure, the second of the afternoon work hours,
  • Hesperis- end of the afternoon work hours, start of evening. Also associated with the Hesperides, nymphs of evening and golden light.
  • Dysis- sunset,
  • ArktosArctus,- night sky, constellation (initially not part of the set).

*Thank you Wikipedia

One thought on “Mythology Monday: The Hours

  1. Pingback: Mythology Monday: Attendants of Zeus | Kaitlin Bevis

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